Golf is a game of a ball and a stick which started in ancient times from the Scotland. Golf is known as a European game; this game began many centuries before. From the European countries, it migrated to America and in a few time, it became popular in the United States.
The Equipment History
A ball is a main part in the golf, and it became the biggest obstruction in playing the golf by all the lower and upper classes of people. These golf balls were made using feather and leather, at this time; they caused trouble in making them. Making of only five or four balls per day per man was possible those days.
In the mid-1600s, the cost became about $14.00 for the ball and these Balls became somewhat cheaper by the mid-18th century, but the cost was still too much to own it by lower classes, and this made the golf less accessible to the lower classes. In 1850, the golf ball was made and named as a gutty ball; it was more durable than previously developed balls. The gutty balls were cheap as well and with enhanced aerodynamic qualities.
The golf clubs were made using wood and iron same as today’s golf clubs. The Only difference between these ancient and modern clubs is the use of them. The iron clubs were used for difficult sports only and the woods for the normal clubs.
Golf Introduction to America
In the 18th century, the concept of the game golf came to American coast, but at that time the game wasn’t as well known in the America, and it was limited only to the New England, United States.
During the 19th century, the golf struggled to get a grip, due to the Civil War, and the introduction of baseball as well. Similarly, in American history, drunken men in 1657 got arrested for damaging the windows by hitting the balls using the golf clubs. Other than this, a shipping record in Georgia of ordering golf clubs in 1744 from Scotland, EU also happened.
The first golf course of North America named as the Royal Montreal Golf Club, it was opened in Canada in the month of November in the year 1873. This course was made up of 3 holes and John Reid organized it. He was a native from Scotsman.
In the next year, John Reid and his teammates established the first American golf club which was named as the St. Andrews Club of Yonkers in New York. Afterward, an Englishmen from the Kentucky established a golf club named as Middlesboro Club that included over nine golf courses across the seaboard on the eastern end.
Some debates notify that a Golf Club was founded previous to the Yonkers club, New York. The USGA, which stands for United States Golf Association, reports that in the South Carolina state, a club was founded in 1786. In the same way, the Savannah Golf Club, which exists in Georgia, they state themselves as the first club in the United States.
At the end of the 1800s, golf had made its grasp and gained a lot of popularity in the U.S. and players here began working with the organizing body. In December 1894, golf clubs in Yonkers, Brookline, Newport, New York and Chicago assembled and formed the Amateur Golf Association of the United States, and afterward the U.S. Golf Association.
Within a year, this association had planned the first National Open and Amateur Championships and the first prize was $150 which is now $3,950 which was more than the British Open awarded that year.
Best Players of the Game
As the golf continued, it started gaining popularity, and the game’s best player was an Englishman with the name of Harry Vardon who was born in 1870 in Jersey. He was the golf’s greatest champion. In his times, he won the Open Championship six times between 1896 and 1914. Any player has not broken this record that many times yet. As the opponents of Vardon, there were J.H. Taylor and James Braid, and both of the players won five Open titles.
Vardon developed a new grip which is known as the Vardon Grip. In the U.S. tour, Vardon played in tournaments and won the U.S. Open Championship in 1900; it was his first visit. Vardon also made a major impact on Bobby Jones for his style and swing who is one of the greatest American golfers.
Vardon was highly viewed and loved In the U.S. The Willie Anderson was a great player that time who was another relocated Scotsman. However he was not highly watched, he was extremely reserved nature person and as a result, he gained little fame. Anderson won the U.S. Open four-time winner, including three straight titles from 1903 to 1905. In the U.S. Opens history, No player has ever won three in a row.
USGA, the US Golf Association
This union was established on Dec. 22, 1894. This organization is well-known as Amateur Golf Association of the US. In 1895, Macdonald succeeded in the U.S. Amateur challenge. After this, Horace Rawlins got to succeed in the U.S. Open by ten opponents and got the prize of $150. Lucy Barnes also got the U.S. Women’s Amateur challenge in 1895.
Beginning of the American PGA
The PGA is known as American Professional Golfers Association was established in the year 1916 by the Rodman Wanamaker. The first PGA Championship tournament was held in October 1916 with Wanamaker, and the prize was $2,580. The trophy for the PGA contest was named as Wanamaker Trophy. In the present, The PGA Tour is the organizer of the professional golf tours that are played by the men in the United States and North America.
The women’s golf stepped in the U.S. just after one year of setting up the men’s golf course by John Reid. A great attraction for the game was developed by American women. As a result, in 1932, The USGA and the Ladies Golf Union announced the Curtis Cup Match, which was a competition between American and British teams.
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